Block Chain Amidst the Chain of Things—A Nexus of Infinite Potential

Gone is the era when the business chanted “Ask and ye shall be given” and we welcome the dawn of this new era where the customers chant “Offer before we start to seek”. To stay in business, Enterprises today have to be extremely proactive, understanding, predicting and responding to customer needs prior to the customer even being aware of them.

So what has caused this shift?

This is an era of Connected Devices, one in which devices are constant companions of the customers, endlessly streaming information about them. With astounding developments in the fields of Block Chain, Big Data, Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, harnessing this information – gleaning intelligence from them, and driving proactivity has become an affordable opportunity for the Enterprises.

This Article is an examination of the interesting possibilities of how Block Chain amidst Chain of Things (IoT), powered by AI/ML, acts as a key differentiator, which can be leveraged by Enterprises to take their customer service to an elevated plane. It also examines some of the key aspects IT needs to consider in creating effective strategies to enable this Nexus of Infinite potential to delight their customers.


Case 1:

The ventilator went dead as the sudden power shutdown occurred, but not before it sent an SOS. The patient under the ventilator was fighting for precious minutes. Meanwhile 2 blocks away, the Solar Panel of the empty house, whose members were on vacation, was diligently accumulating energy under the hot burning sun when the SOS arrived. Immediate transfer and distribution of power was initiated and the ventilator came alive.

A PRECIOUS LIFE was saved!!

Case 2:

The whole day was a big blur!!You had been going from one meeting to another with hardly time for a bite of lunch. In the back of your mind, you had a sense you were missing something. After a few more meetings, you were heading home. On the way, it came in a flash, ‘Yes, it’s Mother’s Day,’ and you tried in vain to remember your mom’s favorite flowers. But then all you had to do was command “Alexa*, Deliver Mom’s favorite flowers to her”…Your genie worked!!Half an hour later you were on a video call with your mother. She had a lovely bunch of Daffodils – Yes, Daffodils were her favorite.

And there were TEARS of JOY in her eyes!!

Case 3:

It started as a quiet night in the Lake View Residential complex and everyone was peacefully asleep. Like all things lethal the breach in the nearby lake reservoir occurred silently!!Unknown to the residents the water levels were slowly but surely rising in the vicinity. Meanwhile the diligent water level sensor was churning away data which was picked up miles away in the meteorological station. When electricity gave away and the residents awoke to their flooded night in panic, they were greeted by blaring helicopter siren offering rescue.

And what a SIGH of RELIEF in their panic stricken faces!!

Welcome to the world where the Chain of Things (Iot*) operating amidst block chain*, regulated by smart-contracts*, powered by Machine Learning*, weaves an extensive web of connected devices, at your command, communicating with each other, foreseeing, predicting and meeting your needs before you’re even aware of them.


Let’s examine the above 3 scenarios and understand how Block chain operating amidst the Chain of Things, aided by machine learning, helped translate the language of sensors into meaningful smart instructions, which, when bound by smart contracts, proactively came to assist.

Case 1

Case 1

Case 2

Case 2

Case 3

Case 3


The figure above indicates how the whole ecosystem of smart devices-IoT, Big Data/Analytics, AI/Machine Learning and Block chain, worked like a genie and helped not only to capture all of the data, intelligence and insights we needed, but also provided the ability to act on that intelligence in real time and drive actions that please the end customer.

This complete service cycle where data is transformed into actions can be said to be broadly composed of 2 key stages

  • Opportunity Identification
  • Response Fulfilment

Now let’s examine the 2 key stages involved in this cycle of magic and understand the major interplay of the components and their associated key characteristics.

Opportunity Identification

Nothing is more expensive than a lost opportunity

A good opportunity is seldom well presented and is easily lost. An intelligent business is one which invests in proactively gleaning these not so well presented opportunities from the overwhelming mass of data to surprise and pamper their customers. The interweaving of the Smart devices, Big Data/Analytics and AI/Machine Learning form the Connected Intelligence network that helps to spot and seize opportunities to differentiate and lead.

The key characteristics of the Connected Intelligence Network include

  • Data collation – Extraction of relevant data
  • Data Aggregation – Ability to connect the dots
  • Data Analytics/Modelling – Gathering insights
  • Predictive Analytics – Superimposed on previous insights/deductions

This stage can be further broken down into 2 sub stages

Smart Sensory Detection –

Extraction of the streamed data from its source, the IoT device, and its propagation to a central hub of data collation over the internet. In certain cases, block chain may well be the medium of transmission of IoT data due to its inherent characteristics of scalability, security and immutability

Context Determination –

Gleaning of intelligence by the aggregation of all of the data at-rest and in-motion to identify unique perspectives/opportunities on business operations.


Opportunities are only good intentions if not translated into optimal execution
An opportunity, even a great one, doesn’t implement by itself. An intelligent business invests not only in opportunity identification but also in sound decisioning systems which help to evaluate various response options for an opportunity identified, and also execute the chosen response in an optimal manner. The interweaving of the Analytics, AI/Machine Learning and Block chain form the Connected Execution network that helps to evaluate various response options and execute the chosen option in an optimal way.

The key characteristics of the Connected Execution Network include

  • Predictive Analytics – Decisioning Systems
  • Performance Efficiency
  • Cost Optimization


Execution Credibility

  • Trustworthy
  • Binding
  • Immutable

This stage can be further broken down into 2 sub stages

  1. Options Evaluation
  2. Optimal Response Fulfilment

Options Evaluation –

Automated evaluation of response options, by decisioning systems, using machine learning models, based on past insights/deductions once the opportunity context is identified.

Optimal Response Fulfilment –

Optimal execution of the chosen option utilizing the Block chain network regulated by smart contracts.

A Genie AT WORK – Understanding the WHOle ecosystem

Now let’s inspect each of the major innovations, IoT, Big Data, AI/Machine Learning and Block Chain, involved in this service cycle, and understand how they interact with each other to create the cycle of magic. Let us also examine the key aspects the enabling IT needs to consider in creating effective strategies that could exploit this nexus of infinite potential to transform and leverage it as a key business differentiator, providing superior service to customers.

The following diagram illustrates some of the common inter relational dependencies when IoT, Big Data, AI/ML and Block Chain come together.

Considerations for the ENAbling IT

Let’s answer the famed W (4) H questions, What, When, Where, Who and How, at each major component level, to examine the major considerations for IT, in developing their strategies and architecture, to enable and utilize this Nexus of Infinite potential.


As we have seen, Block chain amidst Chain of Things, powered by AI/ML, weaves its cycle of magic, with the Chain of Things aiding Smart Opportunity Identification and Block chain securing Optimal Action Fulfilment. Utilized properly, this nexus aids the design of an almost self-governing world, a fantastic possibility, where threats and risks are not only proactively detected, but mitigated as well. Are we SMART to gear up and get our IT strategies in place to leverage this Nexus of Infinite Potential and create a SMART Connected World of SMART machines?


-Courtesy Wikipedia & Internet articles

Alexa* – Alexa is an intelligent personal assistant developed by Amazon. It is capable of voice interaction, music playback, making to-do lists, setting alarms, streaming podcasts, playing audiobooks, and providing weather, traffic, and other real-time information, such as news. Alexa can also control several smart devices using itself as a home automation system.

IoT – The Internet of Things (IoT) is the interconnection of uniquely identifiable embedded computing devices within the existing Internet infrastructure. Typically, IoT is expected to offer advanced connectivity of devices, systems, and services that goes beyond machine-to-machine communications (M2M) and covers a variety of protocols, domains, and applications.

Block Chain – A digital ledger in which transactions made in bit coin or another crypto currency are recorded chronologically and publicly. Block chains are “an open, distributed ledger that can record transactions between two parties efficiently and in a verifiable and permanent way. The ledger itself can also be programmed to trigger transactions automatically.”

Smart Contract – Essentially, smart contracts are instructions written in computer code that automatically execute when certain criteria are met, using block chain technology to record and execute the transaction. No intermediaries are
necessary to confirm the transaction.

Machine Learning – Machine learning is an application of artificial intelligence (AI) that provides systems the ability to automatically learn and improve from experience without being explicitly programmed. Machine learning focuses on the development of computer programs that can access data and use it learn for themselves.

And various other articles and blogs in the internet on IoT, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning and Block Chain

Lavanya Easwar

Lavanya Easwar

Lavanya Easwar is a Senior Architect within the Enterprise Architecture Practice of Wipro Technologies Limited, and has more than 14 years' experience in the Information Technology industry, encompassing varied stages in the project life cycle including pre-sales and technical/functional scoping, solution architecture, system analysis, systems integration solution design, database administration, development and project implementation. Lavanya's Solution Architecture experience includes architecting for various architecture models viz. business process integration/multi-tier/client server architecture with specialization in Systems Integration and Service Oriented Architecture.

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